Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, also known as ‘Bapu’ (Father of
the Nation), and ‘Mahatma’, was one of the prominent figures in the 20th
century Indian history who helped free the Indians from British rule.
was born on October 02, 1869 in Porbander. When he was 19, he was sent
to London to study law. Thereafter, he went to South Africa (instead of
returning to Bombay to work as a barrister), and took part in the
protests against the government’s treatment towards the Indian settlers
(those days, in minority in South Africa).
In 1915, he
returned to India and joined the Congress, and then started his journey
to free the oppressed Indians. He encouraged the Indians to boycott
British goods, and preached passive resistance as the only way to turn
out the British. For his actions, he was imprisoned quite a number of
time; still he never gave up. Gandhi advocated for a united India where
Hindus and Muslims would be seen living together in harmony.
He was assassinated by Nathuram Ghodse on January 30, 1948.